Emma Hammett A qualified nurse, author and first aid trainer with over 30 years’ healthcare and teaching experience The Health Profile for England report was published in September 2018 and is a comprehensive report covering life expectancy, major causes of death, mortality trends, child health, inequality in health, wider determinants of health and current health protection issues.
The Health Profile for England report was published in September 2018 and is a comprehensive report covering life expectancy, major causes of death, mortality trends, child health, inequality in health, wider determinants of health and current health protection issues. The data and evidence contained with this plan will be used to help shape the forthcoming NHS long term plan and has been instrumental in the introduction of the newly launched Social Prescribing headed up by Professor Helen Stoke-Lampard (Chair of the Royal College of General Practitioners)
demonstrates that as a society, people are living longer. Average life
expectancy in England is currently 79.6 years for men and 83.2 for women.
Research shows that on average every age group is healthier than previous
generations. Unfortunately, major disparities persist with more affluent people
enjoying an unbelievable 19 additional years in good health than those in the
The aim of this
Health Profile for England report is to highlight trends in health and help
policymakers to prioritise efforts to actually improve public health, preventing
ill health occurring in the first place, rather than focussing on the treatment
The contents of
this report feeds into the NHS 10 year plan.
The Health Profile
for England report contains 7 chapters:
- Population change
and life expectancy
- Trends in mortality
- Trends in morbidity
and risk factors
- Health of children
in the early years
- Inequality in
- Wider determinants
- Current and
emerging health protection issues
Some of key findings
include the following:
- the number of people aged 85 years has more than tripled since the 1970s
and is projected to be more than 2 million people by 2031
- the death rate for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is rising fast and
is already the leading cause of death in women. It is projected that dementia
and Alzheimers will overtake heart disease in men as early as 2020 and will
become the overall leading cause of death.
- the number of people with diabetes is expected to increase by a million
– from just under 4 million people in 2017 to almost 5 million in 2035
- in the last 7 years, the incidence of smoking has fortunately dropped by
a quarter to 15%. It is projected that there
will be a further reduction to 10% of the population by 2023
The report also
provides a fascinating insight into the nation’s current health position:
- Our health position
is horrifying compared with the rest of the EU. UK
- women’s health is ranked 18th lowest out of 28 EU member states for
- UK men are ranked 10th out of the 28 EU members.
- Low back and neck
pain and skin disease (dermatitis, acne and psoriasis) are the 2 leading causes
of morbidity for men and women, with hearing and sight loss also ranking highly
for both sexes
- While most causes
of morbidity become more prevalent with age, mental health problems and
substance use is most prevalent in younger adults. Mental health issues account
for more than a third of the health conditions experienced by those aged 15 to
chief executive at Public Health England, said:
Inequalities in health undermine not only the health of the people but
also our economy.
As we work to
develop the NHS long term plan, we must set the ambition high. If done right,
with prevention as its centrepiece, the payoff of a healthier society and more
sustainable NHS will be huge.
Newton, director of health improvement at Public Health England, said:
Now in its 70th year, demands on the NHS have changed significantly.
More of us are
living longer with painful or disabling conditions, including musculoskeletal
problems, skin conditions and sensory loss. While these illnesses often attract
less attention than causes of early death such as heart disease and cancer,
they have a profound effect on the day to day lives of many people and together
they place significant pressure on the NHS.
The challenge now
is for the NHS to respond to this changing landscape and to focus on preventing
as well as treating the conditions which are causing the greatest disease
burden across our nation.
First Aid for Life
aims to support all aspects of healthy living though accident prevention and
first aid training. Encouraging people to be more proactive in their approach
to risks and helping to reduce the incidence of avoidable accidents that are
major contributors to morbidity and mortality. Prompt and appropriate first aid
saves lives and can prevent minor injuries becoming major ones. The more people
empowered with these skills, the better for the population as a whole.